At Kaner Medical Group, one of the types ofphysical therapy we specialize in is sports therapy. That specialty gives us insight into the types of injuries that are most common in athletes of all ages. Whether you’re an athlete or the parent of one, we have put together a helpful list of the injuries that are most likely to occur during the course of playing sports:
Sprains and Strains
The reason these are the two most common types of sports injury is they can happen during the course of almost any form of physical activity. Given their similar names and symptoms, many people have questions in regards to what sets these two injuries apart. A sprain occurs when a ligament stretches or tears. Ligaments are tissue that connects one bone to another. A strain occurs when a musculo-tendinous structure gets stretched or torn. Although both conditions are quite common, it’s possible for them to be very severe, which is why it’s important to get proper medical attention.
This condition is most common with runners. More specifically, shin splints often occur when a runner is on a hard surface for an extended period of time or doesn’t properly warm-up. The most common symptom of shin splints is pain that’s felt along the tibia (shin bone). In some cases, shin splints can occur in the ankle and foot, or on the inner edge of the bone where it meets the calf muscle.
Not only are knee injuries very common, but they can be very debilitating. Tendonitis, runner’s knee and iliotibial band syndrome are injuries that fall on the minor to mild end of the spectrum. Examples of more serious knee injuries include any bruising or damage that involves the knee’s ligaments or cartilage. The major ligaments found in the knee are PCL, MCL, ACL and LCL, which is why sports knee injuries often include those names.
If bones in a joint are met with enough force, they can get pushed out of alignment. This condition is known as a dislocation. An injury of this nature can occur during contact sports, when someone falls or simply from the force of an event like excessive stretching. Hands and fingers are the most likely sites of a dislocation, followed by shoulders.
Last but certainly not least are fractures. There are two main types of fractures. The first is an acute fracture. This condition occurs when a bone experiences one-time trauma and breaks. The other type of fracture is a stress fracture. What makes this condition different is it results from repeated stress on a bone over time. When a bone breaks due to either type of fracture, fully dealing with the injury may require surgery and then physical therapy to recover.
If you sustain an injury while playing sports or engaging in any other activity and require physical therapy, you can book an appointment with us online or by calling our office at 817-659-2387.